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a glance that the essence and meaning of abortion consists in the
destruction of the human embryo which has resulted from conception. The
embryo human child must already exist in its elemental form, before it
can be destroyed by abortion. Therefore, if no such embryo form exists,
it cannot be destroyed, and therefore there can be no abortion in such a
case. And, it may positively be stated, no true advocate of Birth
Control can possibly justify, much less advocate, the destruction of the
human embryo or foetus, which act constitutes abortion. The difference
between true Birth Control teachings and methods, and that of the
advocates of abortion, is as great as the difference between the two
poles. Instead of the two being identical or similar, they are
diametrically opposed one to the other--they are logical "opposites,"
each the antithesis of the other.
Even in those forms or phases of the Birth Control propaganda in which
the use of "contraceptives," or "preventatives" is considered justified
in certain cases--and these forms and phases are far from being the most
important, as all students of the subject know--even in these
exceptional forms and phases of the general subject the idea of abortion
is combatted, and never justified or encouraged. A "contraceptive"
agency merely tends to prevent or obviate undesirable conception; it
never acts to destroy the result of previous and accomplished
conception. A "contraceptive" merely prevents the union of the male and
female elements of reproduction, and consequently the process from which
evolves the foetus or embryo. A leading medical authority has said
regarding this distinction: "In inducing abortion, one destroys
something already formed--a foetus or an embryo, a fertilized ovum, a
potential human being. In prevention, however, one merely prevents
chemically or mechanically the spermatozoa from coming in contact with
the ovum. There is no greater sin or crime in this than there is in
simple abstinence, in refraining from sexual intercourse."
What then must we say when we consider the higher and more advanced
forms and phases of Birth Control, those phases and forms which may be
said to be mental or emotional "contraceptives," rather than physical?
Surely these cannot be considered as identical with or similar to
abortion. And when we consider those phases and forms of Birth Control
which are concerned with Pre-Natal Culture--the culture of the child
before its birth--can one, even though he be intensely prejudiced
against Birth Control, assert that there is to be found here anything
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