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hope to increase the happiness of the people and the strength of the
State. We need not worry about the falling birth-rate."
The more that one intelligently examines the argument against Birth
Control based upon fear of Race Suicide, the more one becomes convinced
that not only is there "nothing to it," but that every fact brought to
light in the inquiry reveals itself in the nature of proof of the
desirability of Birth Control as a factor of Race Evolution, rather than
evidence to the contrary. Therefore, the more inquiry and investigation
that such argument brings forth, the stronger is the case disclosed for
Birth Control, and the greater the amount of public opinion created in
In all considerations of the general question of Race Suicide, one must
take note of the general question of Eugenics or Human Breeding. This
because the sound breeding of the race operates in a direction
diametrically opposed to Race Suicide, while unsound breeding operates
directly in favor thereof.
When we consider the general subject of Eugenics we touch upon the
highest ground, and are concerned with our best hopes for the future of
the world. There can be no doubt that Birth Control, considered as a
phase of Eugenics, is not only a precious but also an indispensable
instrument in moulding the coming man to the measure of our developing
ideals. Without Birth Control we are powerless in the face of the awful
evils which flow from random and reckless reproduction. With it we
possess a power so great that some persons have professed to see in it a
menace to the propagation of the race, amusing themselves with the idea
that if people possess the means to prevent the conception of children
they will never have children at all. It is not necessary to discuss
such a grotesque notion seriously.
The desire for children is far too deeply implanted in mankind and
womankind alike ever to be rooted out. If there are today many parents
whose lives are rendered wretched by large families and the miseries of
excessive child-bearing, there are an equal number whose lives are
wretched because they have no children at all, and who snatch eagerly at
any straw which offers the smallest promise of relief to the craving.
Certainly there are people who desire marriage, but--some for very sound
and estimable reasons and other for reasons which may less well bear
examination--do not desire children at all.
For the class of married people who do not desire children at all,
contraceptive methods, far from being a social evil, are a social
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