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arranged regularly around the nipple, are plainly distinguishable
beneath the skin by means of the touch of the fingers.
(3) DARKENING OF THE AREOLAR TISSUE SURROUNDING THE NIPPLE. In the
unimpregnated condition this tissue is of a pinkish shade; but after
impregnation the shade grows darker and the circle increases in size.
However, when the woman bears several children in somewhat rapid
succession, this dark color may become permanent and accordingly ceases
to be an indication.
(4) ENLARGEMENT OF THE ABDOMEN. This indication manifests itself about
the second month, at which time the Uterus begins to elevate the
intestines by rising up from the pelvis. In the fourth month the Uterus
has risen so far out of the pelvis that it assumes the form and
appearance of a hard round tumor. The entire abdomen then begins to
enlarge. The Uterus causes an enlargement in the region of the navel at
the sixth month, and the region of the diaphragm at the ninth month.
(5) QUICKENING, OR "SIGNS OF LIFE." This indication manifests first from
the fourth month to the fifth--at about the exact half of the entire
period of gestation. At this time, and afterward, the movements of the
embryo are plainly discernable to the mother.
THE DISORDERS OF PREGNANCY. There are a number of physical disorders
usually accompanying pregnancy, some of which are trifling, but some of
which require the advice of a competent physician. The best plan is for
the woman to consult a physician shortly after she discovers herself to
be pregnant, and thereafter to visit him occasionally for advice during
the period of gestation. The too common plan of postponing the call upon
the physician until the eighth or ninth month is not a wise one, for in
many cases the advice of a competent physician at an earlier stage of
the pregnancy will obviate serious complications. The call upon the
physician should usually be made not later than the third or fourth
month, and positively not delayed longer than the fifth month. The
physician should make an examination to ascertain whether the child is
in the normal position in the Uterus, and should also examine the urine
each month to ascertain whether the kidneys are functioning normally.
What is called "morning sickness" is one of the most common of the
disorders of pregnancy. It is marked by nausea or vomiting, or both,
early in the morning, usually shortly after arising. Some women have at
least faint symptoms of this disorder from the very beginning of
conception, but usually it does not manifest until the third, fourth, or
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