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her part unhindered in the case of the lower animals, and man should use
her principles as a foundation upon which to build a structure which
reason and intelligence should supply the materials. Instead of this,
man too often discards Nature's plain rules entirely, and also refuses
to use his reason, and, instead, allows himself to be ruled by selfish
inclinations and desires, and ignoble motives.
To those who may ask: "But why should we give all this time, care and
trouble to the young of the race--what is their claim upon us that
demands so much of us in return for so little on their part?" the answer
is plain. We should do this not alone because of the natural feeling of
love for our own offspring which is innate in all normal human beings,
but we should also do this because we owe a duty to the race in and
which we are units--a duty which demands that we supply to the race the
best material, and only the best, for its preservation, continuance, and
The spirit of the age is pointing out the direction indicated by
Eugenics and scientific Birth Control. And it is a spirit in which the
best mental and spiritual powers of man are called into action. A new
consciousness--the "race consciousness"--is awakening within the best of
the race, and accompanying it is a new CONSCIENCE--a "race
conscience"--is manifesting within us, and is giving the individual a
sense of right and wrong toward future generations, just as his
earlier-awakened social conscience has opened his eyes to his duties
toward his neighbors.
Man is beginning to feel that all men are his brothers, and that the
future generations of men are in a sense his children. The new ideal of
"Let us build posterity worthily" has begun to supplant the old narrow
idea humorously expressed in the famous bull of Sir Boyce Roche, who
said, "Why should we do anything for posterity--what has posterity ever
done for us?"
As Dr. Saleeby has well said: "If the struggle toward individual
perfection be religious, so assuredly is the struggle, less egoistic
indeed, toward racial perfection. * * * And they that shall be of us
shall build up the old waste places; for we shall raise up the
foundations of many generations."
And in all this, also, we find ever present the distinctive note of
modern thought, viz., "NOT MORE CHILDREN, BUT BETTER ONES; NOT MORE
BIRTHS, BUT LESS DEATHS AND MORE SURVIVALS; NOT NUMERICAL BIRTH VALUES,
BUT QUALITATIVE BIRTH VALUES AND NUMERICAL SURVIVAL VALUES."
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